Virtualization and Cloud

Jonathan Gershater

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Overview OpenStack is an Infrastructure as a Service offering. (see my prior post for an explanation of IaaS). OpenStack is an OpenSource project, founded by RackSpace, NASA and others. OpenStack can be deployed as a public or private cloud. The OpenStack projects are: CINDER, GLANCE, KEYSTONE, NOVA, QUANTUM, SWIFT. OpenStack Compute: (NOVA) Project NOVA, or OpenStack Compute, provisions and manages on-demand virtual machines and associated resources: CPU, Memory, Disk and Network. Virtual machines can be started, stopped, suspended, created and deleted, while network options for a virtual machine are static, DHCP, or IPv6. The virtual machines run on hypervisors such as XEN or KVM, but others are supported too - even VMware ESXi! Users and administrators use the GUI to request virtual machines, while developers may typically use an API. Security? Of course there are se... (more)

Three Node Install of RDO OpenStack Using PackStack

Following my single server installation of RDO OpenStack using PackStack, here is my install of OpenStack across three nodes. What's key here is the answer files used with packstack. For a single node its trivial since you just accept nearly all the defaults. A distributed install requires a bit of planning. First I installed on two nodes, using packstack from one node (sudo packstack --answer-file=/root/grizzly_openstack.cfg) The answer file for this installation is here, it specifies the location of each component: cinder on one server (.110) with this line: # The IP address of ... (more)

Tutorial: Build a Private Cloud in Twenty Minutes

OpenStack is an open-source cloud framework for building on-demand Infrastructure as a Service. This tutorial in essence distills from this two-page set of instructions for setting up devstack on a single server primarily for use by developers. Hardware I used a DELL 1950 with 8 GB of RAM, internal hard-drives and two 1000 MB NICs. Download and Set Up Ubuntu Download Ubuntu 11.10 from here and burn to DVD Boot the server from the DVD and start the install. I installed the BASE SYSTEM and only one optional package, the OpenSSH Server. I named my server "ubuntu-server" I configured... (more)

Brief Summary of IaaS, PaaS, SaaS

In this posting, I summarize my prior three posts on the three cloud computing offerings: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS). I concentrate how the three offerings differ with respect to flexibility, maintenance and portability. One of the greatest challenges companies face when moving to the cloud is security. Thus I will devote an entire blog post in the future, to security concerns. Flexibility How much flexibility do you have with each offering? What can you change or modify within each cloud offering to suit you... (more)

Cloud Computing Easily Understood - SaaS

In prior blog posts, I described Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS). To recap: If I use IaaS I get servers onto which I can load software and applications which I then maintain, though I don't need to maintain the hardware. I can customize the applications and software running on the servers, at will. If I use PaaS, I get a platform of ready to use web servers, application servers, databases etc. I write my own software application and host it at the PaaS provider. I maintain the software I write, but not the application servers, databases or ha... (more)